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How fire pump check valves work

Feb 13, 2023
Working principle

       Fire pump check valve refers to the valve that relies on the flow of the medium itself to automatically open and close the disc to prevent the backflow of the medium, also known as check valve, one-way valve, reverse flow valve and back pressure valve. The check valve is a kind of automatic valve, its main function is to prevent the reverse flow of the medium, the reverse rotation of the pump and the drive motor, and the discharge of the container medium. Check valves are also used on lines that supply auxiliary systems where the pressure may rise above system pressure. Check valves can be mainly divided into swing check valves (rotating according to the center of gravity) and lift check valves. The function of this type of check valve is to only allow the medium to flow in one direction and prevent the flow in the opposite direction. Usually this kind of valve works automatically. Under the action of fluid pressure flowing in one direction, the valve disc opens; when the fluid flows in the opposite direction, the valve seat is acted on by the fluid pressure and the self-weight of the valve disc to cut off the flow.

Among them, the check valve belongs to this type of valve, which includes swing check valve and lift check valve. The swing check valve has a hinge mechanism, and a door-like disc freely leans on the inclined seat surface. In order to ensure that the valve clack can reach the proper position of the seat surface every time, the valve clack is designed in the hinge mechanism, so that the valve clack has enough swing space, and makes the valve clack truly and comprehensively contact with the valve seat. The disc can be made entirely of metal, or it can be inlaid with leather, rubber, or a synthetic cover on the metal, depending on the performance requirements. When the swing check valve is fully open, the fluid pressure is almost unimpeded, so the pressure drop through the valve is relatively small. The disc of the lift check valve is located on the sealing surface of the valve seat on the valve body. Except that the valve disc can rise and fall freely, the rest of the valve is like a globe valve. The fluid pressure makes the valve disc lift from the sealing surface of the valve seat, and the backflow of the medium causes the valve disc to fall back to the valve seat and cut off the flow. According to the conditions of use, the disc can be of all-metal structure, or in the form of a rubber pad or rubber ring inlaid on the disc frame. Like the globe valve, the passage of fluid through the lift check valve is also narrow, so the pressure drop through the lift check valve is larger than that of the swing check valve, and the flow rate of the swing check valve is limited. rare.

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